1. Presidents, even with great majorities of their own party in Congress, experience difficulty in exercising legislative leadership because

2. Each of the following was one of the fears expressed by the Founders about aspects of the presidency except

3. The cause of those who argued for a single, elected president at the convention was, no doubt, aided by the fact that

4. When no candidate receives a majority of votes in the electoral college, the House of Representatives decides who will win a presidential election. This circumstance

5. The concern shared by the Framers about the popular election of presidents was that it might

6. Under the original provisions of the U.S. Constitution, the states were to choose presidential electors

7. Presidents have been limited to two terms by the

8. The personality of which president began to alter the relationship between the president and Congress and the nature of presidential leadership?

9. Andrew Jackson established the precedent that a presidentís veto can be used

10. All of the following are powers that only the president is constitutionally entitled to exercise except

11. The powers that the president shares with the Senate include

12. If a president were to act only in accordance with the specific powers of Article II of the U.S. Constitution, he or she would probably be considered

13. The principal function of the White House Office is to

14. The Senate is required to confirm all of the following presidential nominations except

15. According to the text, the three methods by which a president can organize his personal staff are

16. The method of staff organization that poses the risk of isolating or misinforming the president is called

17. President Clintonís use of task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends and advisers is characteristic of which method of staff organization?

18. The most important agency in the Executive Office of the President in terms of providing administrative assistance is the

19. Relationships between White House staff and department heads are typically characterized by

20. Presidents need to rely on their powers of persuasion because of their

21. The presidential audiences listed by Neustadt include all of the following except

22. When President Franklin Roosevelt gave the impression of self-confidence and being on top of things, the audience that was most likely to perceive him as effective comprised

23. When a president makes fire-and-brimstone speeches confirming a shared sense of purpose, he is appealing principally to

24. When a presidential candidate talks on the campaign trail of the many good things that he would accomplish as president, he is appealing principally to

25. Which of the following statements about the effect of presidential coattails on congressional elections is true?

26. From the time of winning office to the time of leaving it, the popularity of most recent presidents

27. Members of Congress pay attention to the personal popularity of a president because

28. Which of the following is most clearly affected by the personal popularity of the president?

29. Veto power and executive privilege give a president both a way of blocking action and a

30. When President Reagan was governor of California, he could veto portions of a bill that were irrelevant to the subject of the bill. He was exercising what is called

31. About what proportion of presidential vetoes has Congress been able to override?

32. The presidential claims for executive privilege are based on the separation of powers and on

33. United States v. Nixon held that there is

34. One major constraint on a presidentís ability to plan and develop a program is the

35. A president who is uncertain whether a policy he is considering will be controversial would be most likely to

36. One major constraint on a presidentís ability to plan and develop a program is the