World History Pacing Guide                Curriculum Guide

Westlake High School                           Mr. Kincannon

 

CLICK HERE TO VIEW STATE STANDARDS FOR THE NINTH GRADE!

 

9th Grade:  World History – 1750 to the Present                    Suggested Pacing Guide

 

Ninth grade students continue the chronological study of world history.  This study incorporates each of the seven standards.  As students study historic eras, they consider the influence of geographic settings, cultural perspectives, economic systems and various forms of government.  Students gains a deeper understanding of the role of citizens and continue to develop their research skills.

 

Prologue:  The prologue provides a review of essential information.  It covers Greece, Rome, Judeo-Christian Tradition, Renaissance, the Reformation and English Governmental Reforms.  These are the building blocks of the Enlightenment. (10-15 Days)

 

Unit 1: Enlightenment Ideas

20-25 Days

The unit will focus on the political, economic and cultural institutions of the Enlightenment as challenges to religious authority, monarchy and absolutism as they apply to the American Revolution, the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence.

 

Unit 2: Industrialization

15-20 Days

The unit will focus on the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution with emphasis on technological changes and their impact on migration of populations, growth of cities, the changing role of labor and union movements, as well as, living and working conditions.

 

Unit 3: Imperialism

15-20 Days

This unit will focus on the political, economic and social roots of imperialism while analyzing the perspectives of the colonizers and the colonized.  It will also explain the global impact of imperialism on Japan, China and Africa.

 

Unit 4: World War I and the Russian Revolution

25-30 Days

This unit will analyze the causes and effects of World War I and the Russian Revolution.  It will also assess the global impact of post-World War I economic, social and political turmoil including disarmament, worldwide depression and colonial rebellion.

 

Unit 5: World War II  (20th Century Conflict)

25-30 Days

This unit will analyze the causes of World War II including appeasement, Axis expansion and the role of the Allies.  The analysis of the consequences of World War II including atomic weapons, the Holocaust, the United Nations and the establishment of Israel is included.

 

Unit 6: The Cold War  (20th Century Conflict)

30-35 Days

This unit will analyze the impact conflicting political and ideologies after World War II that resulted in the Cold War from the Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe through the Chinese Communist Revolution.  It will also explain social, economic and political struggles resulting from colonialism and imperialism including: independence movements in India, Indochina and Africa and rise of dictatorships in former colonies.  The unit will conclude with explanations of the causes and consequences of the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War and the post war ethnic conflicts.

 

      It is imperative that World History thoroughly covers Unit 6 by the end of the school year.  This content will be assessed on the OGT.  (10th Grade American History will only be just starting the Cold War Era by the test.)


9th Grade Benchmarks  (ID =Indicator:  These number references will clarify the intent of Indicators in each unit.)

 

History

A.        Explain connections between the ideas of the Enlightenment and changes in the relationships between citizens and their governments. (ID: 1, 2 – ONLY 9)

B.         Explain the social, political and economic effects of industrialization. (ID: 3)

C.        Analyze the reasons that countries gained control of territory through imperialism and the impact on people living in the territory that was controlled (ID: 4, 5, 6)

D.        Connect developments related to World War I with the onset of World War II (ID: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11)

E.         Analyze connections between World War II, the Cold War and contemporary conflicts. (ID: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15)

F.         Identify major historical patterns in the domestic affairs of the United States during the 20th century and explain their significance.

          (ONLY 10)

 

People in Societies

A.      Analyze the influence of different cultural perspectives on the actions of groups. (ID: 1)

B.     Analyze the consequences of oppression, discrimination and conflict between cultures. (ID: 2)

C.     Analyze the ways that contacts between people of different cultures result in exchanges of cultural practices. (ID: 3)

 

Geography

A.      Analyze the cultural, physical, economic and political characteristics that define regions and describe reasons that regions change over time.

        (ID: 1, 2, 3)

B.     Analyze the geographic changes brought about by human activity using appropriate maps and other geographic data. (ID: 4)

C.     Analyze the patterns and processes of movement of people, products and ideas.  (ID: 5)

 

Economics

  1. Compare how different economic systems answer the fundamental economic questions of what goods and services to produce, how to produce them and who will consume them. (ID: 1, 2, 3)
  2. Explain how the United States government provides public services, redistributes income, regulates economic activity and promotes economic growth and stability.  (ID: 4)

 

Government

  1. Analyze the evolution of the Constitution through post-Reconstruction amendments and Supreme Court Decisions.             (ONLY 10)
  2. Analyze the differences among various forms of government to determine how power is acquired and used     (ID: 1, 2 – ONLY 9)

 

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

  1. Analyze ways people achieve governmental change, including political action, social protest and revolution.        (ID: 1, 2, 3)
  2. Explain how individual rights are relative, not absolute, and describe the balance between individual rights, the rights of others and the common good.   (ONLY 10)

 

Study Skills and Methods

A.      Evaluate the reliability and credibility of sources.  (ID: 1, 2, 3)

B.      Use data and evidence to support or refute a thesis.  (ID: 4)

Continually check your alignment between the Indicators and the Benchmarks.

 
 

 

 



9th Grade:  World History:  Enlightenment Ideas                        Unit 1                         Classroom Days:  20-25

History

Geography

Government

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

Study Skills and Methods

Enlightenment   A

1.  Explain how Enlightenment ideas produced enduring effects on political, economic and cultural institutions, including challenges to religious authority, monarchy and absolutism.

 

2.  Explain connections among Enlightenment ideas, the American Revolution, the French Revolution and Latin American wars for independence.

 

 

 

 


People in Societies

None

Universal – Enduring Idea

 

There is an innate desire in human to know and to be free.  Apply this universal to every indicator.

 
 



 

Places and Regions   A

3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.

 

 

 

 


Economics


Markets   A

3.  Analyze characteristics of traditional, market, command and mixed economies with regard to:

a.  private property;

b.  freedom of enterprise;

c.  competition and consumer

     choice;

d.  the role of government

Systems of Government    B

1.  Explain how various systems of government acquire, use and justify their power.

 

2.  Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including:

a.  absolute monarchies;

b.  constitutional

     monarchies;

c.  parliamentary

     democracies;

d.  presidential

     democracies;

e.  dictatorships;

f.  theocracies.

 

Note:  The bolded letter at the end of each organizer heading aligns with the Benchmark for the given Standard.

 

Participation   A

1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including:

a.  the French Revolution.

 

2.  Describe and compare opportunities for citizen participation under different systems of government including:

a.  absolute monarchies;

b.  constitutional monarchies;

c.  parliamentary

     democracies;

d.  presidential democracies;

e.  dictatorships;

f.  theocracies.

 

3.  Analyze how governments and other groups have used propaganda to influence public opinion and behavior.

Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  Analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of

     statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating

 Information    B

4.  Develop and present a research project (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining

     the topic;

c.  construction and support

     of the thesis.

 

 

 

 


9th Grade:  World History:  Industrialization                          Unit 2                    Classroom Days:  15-20

History

People in Societies

Geography

Economics

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

Industrialization   B

3.  Explain the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution with emphasis on:

a.  how scientific and

     technological changes

     promoted

     industrialization in the

     textile industry in

     England;

b.  the impact of the growth

     of population, rural-to-

     urban migrations,

     growth of industrial cities

     and emigration out of

     Europe;

c.  the changing role of labor

     and the rise of the union

     movement;

d.  changes in living and

     working conditions for

     the early industrial

     working class, especially

     women and children;

e.  the growth of

     industrialization around

     the world.

Interaction   B

2.  Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights.

 

Diffusion   C

3.  Explain how advances in communication and transportation have impacted:

a.  globalization;

b.  cooperation and conflict;

c.  the environment;

d.  collective security;

e.  popular culture;

f.  political systems;

g.  religion.

Places and Regions   A

1.  Interpret data to make comparisons between and among countries and regions including:

a.  birth rates;

b.  death rates;

c.  infant mortality rates;

d.  education level.

 

Human Environmental Interaction   B

4.  Explain the causes and consequences of urbanization including economic development, population growth and environmental change.

 

Movement   C

5.  Analyze the social, political, economic and environmental factors that have contributed to human migration now and in the past.

Markets   A

1.  Describe costs and benefits of trade with regard to:

a.  standard of living;

b.  productive capacity;

c.  usage of productive

     resources;

d.  infrastructure.

 

2.  Explain how changing methods of production and a country’s productive resources affect how it answers the fundamental economic questions of:

a.  what to produce;

b.  how to produce and

c.  for whom to produce.

 

Government and the Economy   B

4.  Analyze the economic costs and benefits of protectionism, tariffs, quotas and blockades on international trade.

 


Government


Systems of Government   B

2.  Analyze the purposes, structure and functions of various systems of government including:

b.  constitutional monarchies;

c.  parliamentary democracies;

d.  presidential democracies.

Participation   A

1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including:

b.  the international  

     movement to abolish the

     slave trade and slavery.


Study Skills and Methods


Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of

     statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating Information  B

4.  Develop and present a research paper (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining the

     topic;

c.  construction and support of the

     thesis.


9th Grade:  World History:  Imperialism                           Unit 3                         Classroom Days:  15-20

History

People in Societies

Geography

Economics

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

Imperialism   C

4.  Describe the political, economic and social roots of imperialism.

 

5.  Analyze the perspectives of the colonizers and the colonized concerning:

a.  indigenous language;

b.  natural resources;

c.  labor;

d.  political systems;

e.  religion.

 

6.  Explain the global impact of imperialism including:

a.  modernizations of Japan;

b.  political and social

     reform in China;

c.  exploitation of African

     resources.

 

Universal – Enduring Idea

 

There is an innate desire in humans to know and to be free.  Apply this universal to every Indicator.

 

Cultures   A

1.  Analyze examples of how people in different cultures view events from different perspectives including:

a.  creation of the state of

     Israel.

 

Interaction   B

2.  Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights including:

a.  exploitation of

     indigenous peoples

b.  acts of genocide,

     including those that have

     occurred in Armenia.

 

Diffusion   C

3.  Explain how advances in communication and transportation have impacted:

b.  cooperation and conflict;

c.  the environment;

g.  religion.

 

Places and Regions   A

2.  Explain how differing points of view play a role in conflicts over territory and resources.

 

3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.

 

Human Environmental Interaction   B

4.  Explain the causes and consequences of urbanization including economic development, population growth and environmental change.

 

Movement   C

5.  Analyze the social, political, economic and environmental factors that have contributed to human migration now and in the past.

Markets   A

1.  Describe costs and benefits of trade with regard to:

c.  usage of productive

     resources.

 

2.  Explain how changing methods of production and a country’s productive resources affect how it answers the fundamental economic questions of:

a.  what to produce;

b.  how to produce;

c.  for whom to produce.

 

3.  Analyze characteristics of traditional, market, command and mixed economies with regard to:

d.  the role of government.

 

Government and the Economy   B

4.  Analyze the economic costs and benefits of protectionism, tariffs, quotas and blockades on international trade.

 


Government


Systems of Government   B

1.  Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power.

None

 


Study Skills and Methods


Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  Analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of

     statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating Information   B

4.  Develop and present a research project (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining

     the topic;

c.  construction and support

     of the thesis.

9th Grade:  World History:  Nationalism and World War 1                    Unit 4                           Classroom Days:  25-30

History

Geography

Government

Study Skills and Methods

20th Century Conflict   D

7.  Analyze the causes of effects of World War I with emphasis on:

a.  militarism, imperialism,

     nationalism and alliances;

b.  the global scopes, outcomes and

     human costs of the war;

c.  the role of new technologies and

     practices including the use of

     poison gas, trench warfare,

     machine guns, airplanes,

     submarines and tanks;

d.  the Treaty of Versailles and the

     League of Nations.

 

8.  Analyze the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution including:

a.  lack of economic, political and

     social reforms under the tsars;

b.  the impact of World War I;

c.  the emergence of Lenin, Stalin

     and the Bolsheviks;

d.  the rise of communism in Russia.

 

9.  Assess the global impact of post-World War I economic, social and political turmoil including:

a.  disarmament:

b.  worldwide depression;

c.  colonial rebellion;

d.  rise of miltarist and totalitarian

     states in Europe and Asia.


People in Societies

None

Places and Regions   A

2.  Explain how differing points of view play a role in conflicts over territory and resources.

 

3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.

 


Economics


Markets   A

2.  Explain how changing methods of production and a country’s productive resources affect how it answers the fundamental economic questions of:

a.  what to produce;

b.  how to produce;

c.  for whom to produce.

 

Government and the Economy   B

4.  Analyze the economic costs and benefits of protectionism, tariffs, quotas and blockades on international trade.

Systems of Government   B

1.  Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power.

 

2.  Analyze the purposes, structure and functions of various systems of government including:

a.  absolute monarchies.

 


Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities


Participation   A

1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including:

c.  the Russian Revolution.

 

2.  Describe and compare opportunities for citizen participation under different systems of government including:

e.  dictatorships.

 

3.  Analyze how governments and other groups have used propaganda to influence public opinion and behavior.

Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  Analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating Information   B

4.  Develop and present a research project (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining the topic;

c.  construction and support of the

     thesis.

 

 

Universal – Enduring Idea

 

There is an innate desire in humans to know and to be free.  Apply this universal to every Indicator.

 


9th Grade:  World History:  20th Century:  World War II             Unit 5                           Classroom Days:  25-30

History

Geography

Government

Study Skills and Methods

20th Century Conflict   D

10.  Analyze the causes of World War II including:

a.  appeasement;

b.  Axis expansion;

c.  the role of the Allies.

 

20th Century Conflict   E

11.  Analyze the consequences of World War II including:

a.  atomic weapons;

b.  civilian and military losses;

c.  the Holocaust and its impact;

d.  refugees and poverty;

e.  the United Nations;

f.  the establishment of the state of

     Israel.

 


People in Societies


Interaction   B

2.  Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights including:

b.  the Holocaust and other acts of

     genocide, including those that

     have occurred in Armenia,

     Rwanda.

Places and Regions   A

3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.

 

 


Economics


Markets   A

2.  Explain how changing methods of production and a country’s productive resources affect how it answers the fundamental economic questions of:

a.  what to produce;

b.  how to produce and

c.  for whom to produce.

 

Government and the Economy   B

4.  Analyze the economic costs and benefits of protectionism, tariffs, quotas and blockades on international trade.

Systems of Government   B

1.  Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power.

 

2.  Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including:

c.  parliamentary democracies;

d.  presidential democracies;

e.  dictatorships.

 

 


Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities


Participation   A

1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy.

Universal – Enduring Idea

There is an innate desire in humans to know and to be free.  Apply this universal to every Indicator.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  Analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating Information   B

4.  Develop and present a research project (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining the topic;

c.  construction and support of the

     thesis.


9th Grade:  World History:  20th Century:  The Cold War                               Unit 6                 Classroom Days:  45+

History

People in Societies

Economics

Study Skills and Methods

20th Century Conflict   E

12.  Analyze the impact of conflicting political and ideologies after World War II that resulted in the Cold War including:

a.  Soviet expansion in Eastern

     Europe;

b.  the division of Germany;

c.  the emergence of NATO and the

     Warsaw Pact;

d.  the Chinese Communist

     Revolution.

 

13.  Explain social, economic and political struggles resulting from colonialism and imperialism including:

a.  independence movements in India,

      Indochina and Africa;

b.  rise of dictatorships in former

     colonies.

 

14.  Explain the causes and consequences of the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War including:

a.  the arms build-up

b.  ethnic unrest in the Soviet Union;

c.  independence movements in

     former Soviet satellites;

d.  global decline of communism.

 

15.  Examine regional and ethnic conflict in the post-Cold War era including:

a.  persistent conflict in the Middle East;

b.  ethnic strife in Europe, Africa and

     Asia.

Culture   A

1.  Analyze examples of how people in different cultures view events from different perspectives including:

b.  partition of India and Pakistan;

c.  reunification of Germany;

d.  end of apartheid in South Africa.

 

Interaction   B

2.  Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights including:

b.  acts of genocide, including those

     that have occurred in Armenia,

     Rwanda, Bosnia and Iraq.

 

 


Geography


Places and Regions   A

1.  Interpret data to make comparison between and among countries and regions including:

e.  per capita / Gross Domestic

     Product (GDP)

 

3.  Explain how political and economic conditions, resources, geographic locations and cultures have contributed to cooperation and conflict.

Markets   A

3.  Analyze characteristics of traditional, market, command and mixed economies with regard to:

a.  private property;

b.  freedom of enterprise;

c.  competition and consumer

     choice;

d.  the role of government.


Government


Systems of Government   B

1.  Explain how various systems of governments acquire, use and justify their power.

 

2.  Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including:

c.  parliamentary democracies;

d.  presidential democracies;

e.  dictatorships.


Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities


Participations   A

1.  Analyze and evaluate the influence of various forms of citizen action on public policy including:

d.  the independence movement in

     India;

e.  the fall of communism in Europe;

f.  the end of apartheid.

Thinking and Organizing   A

1.  Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.

 

2.  Evaluate the credibility of sources for:

a.  logical fallacies;

b.  consistency of arguments;

c.  unstated assumptions;

d.  bias.

 

3.  Analyze the reliability of sources for:

a.  accurate use of facts;

b.  adequate support of statements;

c.  date of publication.

 

Communicating Information   B

4.  Develop and present a research project (one per semester) including:

a.  collection of data;

b.  narrowing and refining the topic;

c.  construction and support of the

Universal – Enduring Idea

 

There is an innate desire in humans to know and to be free.  Apply this universal to every Indicator.

 
     thesis.

 

 

 

The instructor reserves the right to modify this schedule as necessary.
In most cases, ample notification will be given to students.